Most Common Cause of SCA in Infants & Children
March 8, 2022
Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death across the United States. It takes approximately 356,000 lives per year. Many people think sudden cardiac arrest can only affect old people or people that are unhealthy.
Sudden cardiac arrest does not discriminate. It affects people of ALL ages.
According to Parent Heart Watch, sudden cardiac arrest is the number one cause of death
for student-athletes and the leading cause of death on school campuses.
Oftentimes, when a young person suffers sudden cardiac arrest, it is because of an undetected heart condition. Approximately one in three hundred youth have an undetected heart condition
that can put them at risk.
What is the most common cause of sudden cardiac arrest
in children and young people?
, also known as HCM, is a genetic condition where there is excessive thickening of the heart muscles. This can disrupt the electrical system of the heart causing irregular heartbeats which can cause sudden cardiac arrest. HCM is the leading cause of sudden cardiac arrest in young people.
Some other common causes of sudden cardiac arrest in children include coronary artery abnormalities and Long QT Syndrome. Some people are born with coronary arteries that are connected abnormally. During intense exercise this can cause the arteries to compress and not provide proper blood flow to the heart. Long QT Syndrome, another genetic condition, can cause fast and chaotic heartbeats. This can lead to fainting and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death.
Here are some reasons you should get your child’s heart tested:
• Fainting or seizure
• Chest pain or discomfort during or after exertion
• Racing heartbeat
• Unusual shortness of breath
• Dizziness or lightheadedness during or after physical activity
• Unusual fatigue or tiredness
• Family history of heart disease
• Family history of unexpected death
• Unexplained death of family member under the age of 50
So, what do you do if you witness someone go into sudden cardiac arrest? How do you help them? If you suspect someone is suffering from sudden cardiac arrest, take the following steps:
• Call 9-1-1
• Immediately start performing CPR (100-120 chest compressions per minute)
• Use an AED
as soon as possible.
It is very important to act immediately if someone is suffering sudden cardiac arrest. Every second that goes by without treatment hurts the person’s chances of survival from SCA